In 2017 we celebrate the 200th anniversary of the signing of the Grundsteuerpatent by Emperor Franz I, which formed the cornerstone for the cadastre in Austria and in the countries of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
The Franziszeische Cadastre (1817-1861) 200years ago on the 23rd of December 1817 Emperor Franz I. gave the order to create a new just land tax by means of the imperial Grundsteuerpatent and thus laid the foundation for the Franziszeische Cadastre. As a basis for the taxation all parcels were measured by means of the plane table method.
Between 1817 and 1861 thus the whole Monarchy with about 300.000 km² and more than 50 million parcels in about 30 000 cadastral communities was surveyed and the boundaries recorded in the so called “Urmappe”, the original map on about 165 000 map sheets. The results of the survey and the basis of the assessment were the Urmappe, the parcel protocols, boundary descriptions as well as the tax classifications. This was the first comprehensive modern cadastre of real estate.
This cadastre of real estate combined the modernization of the land tax assessment (the official assessment of the parcels based on the land cover) with the first exact survey and cartographic depiction of the parcels of the whole Monarchy. This work was done in the different crown lands at different times, in Austria below the Enns (Lower Austria including Vienna) e.g. 1817 -1828; the whole task was finished by 1861.
The Urmappe The Franziszeische Cadastre actually consists of the map sheets of the Urmappe. Today they are an invaluable source of information on topography, settlements and natural sciences and the Urmappe is a cultural property in accordance with the Hague Convention (see: Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict) .
For each cadastral community a map was made that usually consisted of several sheets. The scale was 1: 2880. So 1 inch in the map was 40 fathoms in nature. In the alpine region the subsequent scale 1: 5760 was used and in the urban areas sometimes 1: 1440. The maps were drawn, labeled and colored very detailed and accurately. But as the cadastre first of all served taxation purposes, great importance was attached to the accuracy of the parcel boundaries and marking of the land cover.
The management of the cadastre is by law assigned to the cadastral offices, which keep the data up-to-date by means of a modern cadastre management system.
Der Kataster 2017 The cadastre in Austria documents the situation of the boundaries of more than 10 million parcels and together with the land register forms the Austrian property securing system. Besides of the original purpose – taxation – the boundary cadastre is very important for the legal securing of the parcel boundaries themselves. The cadastral data are public data that are available at anytime online via the BEV-Portal www.bev.gv.at.
The cadastre is used for multiple purposes in the public administration and in economy and is the basis for numerous follow-up applications:
- For real estate transactions
- For urban planning - land use and zoning plans of the communities
- For soil evaluation - digital soil evaluation results
- For agriculture as basis for subsidies
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In 2017 on the occasion of the celebration of ”200 Years Cadastre” the BEV organises the following events:
Venue: BEV, Schiffamtsgasse 1-3, 1020 Vienna, 8th floor
“Tradition and Innovation in Cadastre: Contradiction or Motivation? “
The cadastre is characterized by tradition and the legal and social framework of a state. Changes often happen very slowly.
2017- we live in a digital age, the expectations of users have changed greatly and we, as the responsible surveying authorities, have to devote ourselves to the topic innovation for the solution of questions concerning the future.
How do we tackle the challenges of transparency, legal certainty, speed, efficiency, online services, etc?
How have the purpose and the application of the cadastre changed in our countries since the monarchy? How do we react to the challenges of the digital world?
Schedule of the Meeting
17th May 2017
15:30 Meet at the Lobby of the Hotel Mercure
15:45 Walk to Schottenstift, Vienna, Freyung 6
16:30 Unveiling of the memorial plaque at the Crypt of the Schottenstift
18:00 Welcome reception at Restaurant Zattl, Freyung 6
18th May 2017
9:00 – 9:30 Opening, Welcome Address
9.30 - 10.00 Presentation from Austria
10.00 - 10.30 Presentation from Czech Republic
10.30 - 11.00 Coffee break
11.00 - 11.30 Presentation from Slovakia
11.30 - 12.00 Presentation from Hungary
12.00 - 12.30 Presentation from Slovenia
12.30 - 13.30 Lunch at BEV Restaurant
13:30 – 15:30 Break
15:30: Meet at the Lobby of the BEV
15:30 – 17:00 Guided Tour at the “Heeresgeschichtliches Museum”
18:00 Dinner at “Salmbräu”
19th May 2017
9:00 - 9:30 Presentation from Südtirol
9.30 - 10.00 Presentation from Trentino
10.00 - 10.30 Coffee break
10:30 - 11:00 Presentation from Friaul - Julisch Venetien
10.30 - 11.00 Presentation from Croatia
11.00 - 11.30 Closing Remarks
12:30 – 13:30 Lunch at BEV Restaurant
End of the Fachtagung
Beginning: 10.30 a.m.
Venue: BEV Headquarters, Vienna
“Tradition meets Innovation”
5 October 2017
9:00-10:30 Opening Session
11:00 -12:30 Session 1: Tradition, a value for Sustainability?
Tradition, which was a value for sustainability, security and trust, is now confronted with the pressure for innovation and fast changes. Is this a contradiction or is it the motivation for development? Can a Cadastre- organisation come over with these challenges? Driven by technology the European landscape is changing, as is the need for location related information.
13:30-15:00 Session 2: The change of the Purpose of the Cadastre
Cadastre is characterized by tradition and embedded in the legal framework and the rules of society of a country. As an important pillar stone of a state it has changed the role from taxation to a multipurpose aspect. Following the requirements of a society in the past the Cadastre has constantly legally and technically developed.
15:30-17:00 Session 3: Challenges of the Digital Era
Since the last years the challenges of the digital era are growing extremely, new technology is influencing the requirements of the society, of the economy and the citizens of a modern state and the traditionally constant but slow development is influenced by enormous and a fast changing technology and changing expectations of the users.
6 October 2017
09:00-10:30 Session 4: Permanent Need for Innovation
A spatially enabled society has the need for transparency, efficiency, online access and services 7 days a week, 24 hours a day, cross border services and also international developments have a great impact on C+LR. There is a permanent need for innovation.
11:00-13:00 Session 5: Future Aspects
Let’s talk about the future of the cadastre: research and development has to be combined with marketing expertise in order to focus on satisfying consumers' wants and needs, the ongoing discussions on topics like 3/4d-cadastre, integration of services, value added functions (production costs, location, time, control), ..
Please fill in the following registration form and send us your data.
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We have reserved a number of rooms in the surroundings of the venue at special rates under “BEV”.
The rooms will be available for booking until the 5th of September 2017.
Room reservations must be made directly to the hotels.
Hotel De France: Single room: 125€
Address: 1010 Vienna, Schottenring 3;
Distance from venue: 1100 m (14 min walking or 2 stops by tram or 1 stop by metro)
Reservation to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Hotel Mercure Wien City: Single room: 115€
Address: 1020 Vienna, Hollandstraße 3;
Distance from venue: 600 m (7 min walking)
Reservation to: H1568@accor.com
Hotel Meininger: Downtown “Sissi” or “Franz”
The 2 Hotel Meininiger can be booked any time. There we have no reservations and the rates vary from day to day.
Search for all hotels in Vienna here: https://www.wien.info/en/hotels