In 2017 we celebrate the 200th anniversary of the signing of the Grundsteuerpatent by Emperor Franz I, which formed the cornerstone for the cadastre in Austria and in the countries of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
The Franziszeische Cadastre (1817-1861) 200years ago on the 23rd of December 1817 Emperor Franz I. gave the order to create a new just land tax by means of the imperial Grundsteuerpatent and thus laid the foundation for the Franziszeische Cadastre. As a basis for the taxation all parcels were measured by means of the plane table method.
Between 1817 and 1861 thus the whole Monarchy with about 300.000 km² and more than 50 million parcels in about 30 000 cadastral communities was surveyed and the boundaries recorded in the so called “Urmappe”, the original map on about 165 000 map sheets. The results of the survey and the basis of the assessment were the Urmappe, the parcel protocols, boundary descriptions as well as the tax classifications. This was the first comprehensive modern cadastre of real estate.
This cadastre of real estate combined the modernization of the land tax assessment (the official assessment of the parcels based on the land cover) with the first exact survey and cartographic depiction of the parcels of the whole Monarchy. This work was done in the different crown lands at different times, in Austria below the Enns (Lower Austria including Vienna) e.g. 1817 -1828; the whole task was finished by 1861.
The Urmappe The Franziszeische Cadastre actually consists of the map sheets of the Urmappe. Today they are an invaluable source of information on topography, settlements and natural sciences and the Urmappe is a cultural property in accordance with the Hague Convention (see: Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict) .
For each cadastral community a map was made that usually consisted of several sheets. The scale was 1: 2880. So 1 inch in the map was 40 fathoms in nature. In the alpine region the subsequent scale 1: 5760 was used and in the urban areas sometimes 1: 1440. The maps were drawn, labeled and colored very detailed and accurately. But as the cadastre first of all served taxation purposes, great importance was attached to the accuracy of the parcel boundaries and marking of the land cover.
The management of the cadastre is by law assigned to the cadastral offices, which keep the data up-to-date by means of a modern cadastre management system.
Der Kataster 2017 The cadastre in Austria documents the situation of the boundaries of more than 10 million parcels and together with the land register forms the Austrian property securing system. Besides of the original purpose – taxation – the boundary cadastre is very important for the legal securing of the parcel boundaries themselves. The cadastral data are public data that are available at anytime online via the BEV-Portal www.bev.gv.at.
The cadastre is used for multiple purposes in the public administration and in economy and is the basis for numerous follow-up applications:
- For real estate transactions
- For urban planning - land use and zoning plans of the communities
- For soil evaluation - digital soil evaluation results
- For agriculture as basis for subsidies
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In 2017 on the occasion of the celebration of ”200 Years Cadastre” the BEV organises the following events:
Venue: BEV, Schiffamtsgasse 1-3, 1020 Vienna, 8th floor
“Tradition and Innovation in Cadastre: Contradiction or Motivation? “
The cadastre is characterized by tradition and the legal and social framework of a state. Changes often happen very slowly.
2017- we live in a digital age, the expectations of users have changed greatly and we, as the responsible surveying authorities, have to devote ourselves to the topic innovation for the solution of questions concerning the future.
How do we tackle the challenges of transparency, legal certainty, speed, efficiency, online services, etc?
How have the purpose and the application of the cadastre changed in our countries since the monarchy? How do we react to the challenges of the digital world?
Schedule of the Meeting
17th May 2017
15:30 Meet at the Lobby of the Hotel Mercure
15:45 Walk to Schottenstift, Vienna, Freyung 6
16:30 Unveiling of the memorial plaque at the Crypt of the Schottenstift
18:00 Welcome reception at Restaurant Zattl, Freyung 6
18th May 2017
9:00 – 9:30 Opening, Welcome Address
9.30 - 10.00 Presentation from Austria
10.00 - 10.30 Presentation from Czech Republic
10.30 - 11.00 Coffee break
11.00 - 11.30 Presentation from Slovakia
11.30 - 12.00 Presentation from Hungary
12.00 - 12.30 Presentation from Slovenia
12.30 - 13.30 Lunch at BEV Restaurant
13:30 – 15:30 Break
15:30: Meet at the Lobby of the BEV
15:30 – 17:00 Guided Tour at the “Heeresgeschichtliches Museum”
18:00 Dinner at “Salmbräu”
19th May 2017
9:00 - 9:30 Presentation from Südtirol
9.30 - 10.00 Presentation from Trentino
10.00 - 10.30 Coffee break
10:30 - 11:00 Presentation from Friaul - Julisch Venetien
10.30 - 11.00 Presentation from Croatia
11.00 - 11.30 Closing Remarks
12:30 – 13:30 Lunch at BEV Restaurant
End of the Fachtagung
Beginning: 10.30 a.m.
Venue: BEV Headquarters, Vienna
“Tradition meets Innovation”
5 October 2017
9:00-10:30 Opening Session
Fredrik Zetterquist, Chair of UNECE WPLA, Welcome address
Ingrid Vanden Berghe, President EuroGeographics, Welcome address
Tambet Tiits, PCC Presidency, Welcome address
Pekka Halme, Chair of EULIS Board, Welcome address
Jan Moerkerke, President of ELRA, Welcome address
Chryssy Potsiou, FIG President, Welcome address
Maurice Barbieri, President of CLGE, Welcome address
Wernher Hoffmann, Head of the Federal Office of Metrology and Surveying (BEV), Keynote: "Tradition meets innovation"
11:00 -12:30 Session 1: Tradition, Still a Representation for Sustainability?
Tradition has long been associated as an essential guarantor for sustainability, security and trust. Its core values are now challenged by new requirements and expectations from the society and individuals based on innovations and global transformative forces. Is this a contradiction or is it a motivation for development? What should be the response of land agencies?
Julius Ernst, BEV, Austria, "Cadastre Made in Austria: 200 Years in quick motion"
Frank Tierolff, Kadaster, Netherlands, "Land registry: From the past to the future"
Manfred Buric, Federal Ministry of Justice, Austria, "Austrian Land book on IT: Tradition based innovative sustainability"
Vladimir Tikhonov, Vice President CLGE, Russia, "Regulation of cadastral surveyors activity in Russia: new Federal Law"
13:30-15:00 Session 2: The change of the Purpose of the Cadastre
Cadastre is since long embedded in the legal framework and the rules of society, hence to a large extent characterized by tradition. As an important cornerstone of a nation, its purpose has continuously evolved from taxation to multipurpose usage based on new requirements and behaviours.
Konstantin Litvintcev, Federal Cadastral Chamber of Rosreestr, Russia, "Evolution of cadastral system in the Russian Federation: results of 25 years"
Dimitrij Rytvinski, NCA, Belarus, "Use of data from Land Cadastre for mass appraisal in Belarus"
Andre Kwitowski, AKADIS b.v., Netherlands, "Property Registration: from the Marathon Run to Flash operation - as effect of ICT and BPR"
Maurice Barbieri, President CLGE, Switzerland, "Future aspects of the Cadastre in a changing world"
15:30-17:00 Session 3: Challenges of the Digital Era
The digital revolution and disruptive technological advancements highly influence the requirements of the society, the economy and the citizens. How does this affect the traditionally continuous, but slow, development in the land administration domain?
Martin Salzmann, Kadaster, Netherlands, "The impact of digitization: how participatory will the cadastre function be in the future?"
Ronald Krieglsteiner, BEV, Austria, "Step by Step!"
Nuria Raga Sastre, ELRA Secretary General, Spain, "The Role of Land Registries and its Interconnection in the Digital Era"
Arvydas Bagdonavicius, State Enterprise Centre of Registers, Lithuania, "E-Services to Citizens, Government and Businesses. Lithuanian Experience"
6 October 2017
09:00-10:30 Session 4: Continuous Need for Innovation
A spatially enabled society has the need for transparency, efficiency, 24/7 online access and cross border services. Also, global developments have great impact on C+LR. There is a continuous need for innovation.
Dmytro Makarenko, State Service of Ukraine for Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre, Ukraine, "Development of the Ukrainian cadastre system - using the block-chain technologies in the cadastral system"
Dominique Laurent, IGN, France, "UN-GGIM : Europe Core Data themes"
Rik Wouters, EULIS, Netherlands, "The Land Registry Interconnection portal: when will it happen?"
11:00-13:00 Session 5: Future Aspects
Let's talk about the future of the cadastre: research and development has to be combined with marketing expertise in order to focus on satisfying consumers' wants and needs and the ongoing discussions on topics like 3D/4D cadastre, integration of services, value added functions (production costs, location, time, control) etc.
Daniel Steudler, Federal Office of Topography swisstopo, Switzerland, "The Land Code - future aspects from a Swiss perspective"
Fredrik Zetterquist, Chair of UNECE WPLA, Sweden, "Are we embracing the global transformative forces?"
Kirsikka Riekkinen, Aalto University, Finland, "The Cadastre 2035- Research Project"
Gerda Schennach, BEV and FIG, Austria, "Cadastre 4.0 - Integrating the community for global security on land tenure"
Daniel Steudler, Chair of CLRKEN, Switzerland, "Wrap up the findings or a summary of the most important findings and developments"
The cadastre symposium is an event of the Austrian Society for Surveying and Geoinformation.
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We have reserved a number of rooms in the surroundings of the venue at special rates under “BEV”.
The rooms will be available for booking until the 5th of September 2017.
Room reservations must be made directly to the hotels.
Hotel De France: Single room: 125€
Address: 1010 Vienna, Schottenring 3;
Distance from venue: 1100 m (14 min walking or 2 stops by tram or 1 stop by metro)
Reservation to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Hotel Mercure Wien City: Single room: 115€
Address: 1020 Vienna, Hollandstraße 3;
Distance from venue: 600 m (7 min walking)
Reservation to: H1568@accor.com
Hotel Meininger: Downtown “Sissi” or “Franz”
The 2 Hotel Meininiger can be booked any time. There we have no reservations and the rates vary from day to day.
Search for all hotels in Vienna here: https://www.wien.info/en/hotels